تقويم الاسنان الطبي

تقويم الأسنان المعروف أيضًا باسم المشابك

 هي الأجهزة المستخدمة في تقويم الأسنان التي تعمل على محاذاة الأسنان وتصويبها وتساعد في وضعها فيما يتعلق بعضة الشخص ، بينما تهدف أيضًا إلى تحسين صحة الأسنان. الأقواس أيضا إصلاح الثغرات. غالبًا ما يتم استخدامها لتصحيح اللثة ، إضافة إلى سوء الإطباق ، اللسعات الزائدة ، اللدغات المفتوحة ، اللدغات العميقة ، اللسعات المتقاطعة ، الأسنان الملتوية ، والعديد من العيوب الأخرى للأسنان والفك.

الأقواس يمكن أن تكون إما تجميلية أو هيكلية.

غالبًا ما تستخدم أدوات تقويم الأسنان جنبًا إلى جنب مع الأجهزة الأخرى لتقويم الأسنان للمساعدة في توسيع الحنك أو الفكين وللمساعدة في تشكيل الأسنان والفكين.

تطبيق الأقواس يتحرك الأسنان

نتيجة القوة والضغط على الأسنان. هناك عادة أربعة عناصر أساسية يتم استخدامها: الأقواس ، مواد الربط ، سلك القوس ، ومرونة الرباط (وتسمى أيضًا “الحلقة O”).

تتحرك الأسنان عندما يضغط السلك المقوس على الأقواس والأسنان. في بعض الأحيان يتم استخدام الينابيع أو الأشرطة المطاطية لوضع مزيد من القوة في اتجاه معين

تتمتع الأقواس بضغط ثابت يحرك الأسنان بمرور الوقت

 إلى المواضع المرغوبة. ترخي العملية السن بعدها ينمو عظم جديد لدعم السن في موضعه الجديد. وهذا ما يسمى إعادة عرض العظام

إعادة تشكيل العظام هي عملية ميكانيكية حيوية مسؤولة عن جعل العظام أقوى استجابة للنشاط الحامل المستمر وأضعف في حالة عدم وجود حمولة. تصنع العظام من خلايا تسمى خلايا عظمية وعظمية عظمية

هناك نوعان مختلفان من ارتشاف العظم ممكنان: الإمتصاص المباشر ، والذي يبدأ من خلايا بطانة العظم السنخي ، والانتعاش غير المباشر أو الرجعي ، والذي يحدث عندما يتعرض الرباط اللثوي لكمية زائدة ومدة مفرطة من الإجهاد الضغطي. [ 1] هناك عامل مهم آخر مرتبط بحركة الأسنان وهو ترسب العظام. يحدث ترسب العظام في الرباط اللثوي المشتت. بدون ترسب العظم ، ستخف السن وتحدث الفراغات في اتجاه حركة السن

 

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